ACC 101 MCQs Assignment

1. Which of the following is the fundamental accounting
equation?

Current assets + Current liabilities = Owners’ equity
Assets + Owners’ equity = Liabilities
Cash = Debts + Common stock
Assets = Liabilities + Owners’ equity

2.
On December 31, 2014, Track Record Inc.’s sales people have
firm outstanding orders totaling $1.66 million, which, it has guaranteed its
customers, will be fulfilled during the month of January 2015.

If Track Record includes the $1.66 million in its sales
figures for 2014, it will be violating the:

Materiality concept
Historical cost concept
Dual-aspect concept
Realization concept

4.
To be recorded as an asset, an item must meet four specific
conditions. Three of them are: it must have been acquired at measurable cost,
it must be obtained or controlled by the entity, and it must have been obtained
or controlled in a past transaction.

Which one of the following is the fourth condition?

The item must have a measurable resale value
It must be expected to have future economic benefits
It must have been fully paid for
The entity must have a legal document confirming ownership
of the item

5.
Neura Pharma, Inc. has purchased a drug patent with a
remaining useful life of 13 years. How should this new asset be classified?
A current tangible asset
A non-current tangible asset
A non-current intangible asset
A current intangible asset

6.
June Smith, a process engineer, has sold her 15-year patent
for a new etching process to Silica Labs, Inc. In return, she has received
$500,000 in cash and, based on its value on the sale date, $200,000 in common
stock in Silica Labs. The stock is forecasted to double in market value over
the next two months.

How would this transaction be recorded by Silica Labs?

Debit patent account $700,000; credit cash $500,000; credit
common stock $200,000
Debit cash $500,000; debit common stock $200,000; credit
patent account $700,000
Debit cash $500,000; credit patent account $500,000
Debit patent account $500,000; credit cash $500,000

7.
Consider the same scenario as in the previous question:

June Smith, a process engineer, has sold her 15-year patent
for a new etching process to Silica Labs, Inc. In return, she has received
$500,000 in cash and, based on its value on the sale date, $200,000 in common
stock in Silica Labs. The stock is forecasted to double in market value over
the next two months.

Assuming that Silica Labs holds some long-term debt, which
of the following describes the effect of the transaction on Silica Labs?

Current ratio will decrease and total debt to equity ratio
will increase
Current ratio will increase and total debt to equity ratio
will decrease
Current ratio will increase and total debt to equity ratio
will increase
Current ratio will decrease and total debt to equity ratio
will decrease

8.
Lucky Lee, a video-game store in New York city, purchases a
game machine directly from Taiwan for $30,000. In the U.S., the same machine
will probably cost at least $36,000. Pick the most appropriate accounting
action for Lucky Lee:

Record the machine at $36,000
Record the machine at $30,000
Record the machine for [($30,000+$36,000)/2] = $33,000
Have the machine examined by an independent appraiser and
record it at the appraised value

9.
Which one of the following is an item of owners’ equity?
Bank loan
Suppliers’ monetary claims
Prepaid expenses
Earnings generated by the entity

10.
Complete the following sentence: The Conservatism Concept
directs an entity to consider recognizing a liability when it is
__________________.
absolutely certain economic resources may be sacrificed in
the future
remotely possible economic resources may be sacrificed in
the future
reasonably possible economic resources may be sacrificed in
the future
reasonably certain economic resources may be sacrificed in
the future

11.
The realization concept states that revenue is recorded
when:
It has been earned and realized or realizable
All the associated costs have been paid in cash
It has been received in cash

12.
On its June 30, 2015 balance sheet, Barrows Corporation has
total assets of $100,000, current liabilities of $40,000, and owners’ equity of
$60,000.

Which one of the following statements must be true on June
30, 2015?

It has current assets of $40,000
It has no long-term liabilities
It has a cash balance of $40,000 raised through short-term
debt
None of the above

13.
Turnadot & Sons is a small wholesaler of decorative cast
iron objects. The following events, related to a special customer order, occur
as described below:

August 5, 2015: Turnadot receives the special order for 200
outdoor planters at a selling price of $50 each, including delivery at a future
convenient time and location. The customer, with whom Turnadot has had a
long-term, trouble-free relationship, pays $3,000 as a deposit and agrees to
pay the rest on delivery. Turnadot immediately orders $4,000 worth of planters
from its supplier and pays a $1,000 deposit for them.
August 27, 2015: Turnadot pays $3,000 balance due to the
supplier upon delivery of the planters to its warehouse.
September 5, 2015: The customer calls for delivery of the
planters, and pays the balance of $7,000 when they arrive at the customer site.

On August 5, 2015, which one of the following accounting
entries, related to the $10,000 special order, should be recorded in Turnadot’s
financial accounting system?

Debit accounts receivable $10,000; credit revenues $10,000
Debit cash $3,000; credit revenues $3,000
Debit cash $3,000; credit a liability ‘advances from
customers’ $3,000
Debit cash $3,000; debit accounts receivable $7,000; credit
revenues $10,000

14.
Turnadot & Sons is a small wholesaler of decorative cast
iron objects. The following events, related to a special customer order, occur
as described below:

August 5, 2015: Turnadot receives the special order for 200
outdoor planters at a selling price of $50 each, including delivery at a future
convenient time and location. The customer, with whom Turnadot has had a
long-term, trouble-free relationship, pays $3,000 as a deposit and agrees to
pay the rest on delivery. Turnadot immediately orders $4,000 worth of planters
from its supplier and pays a $1,000 deposit for them.
August 27, 2015: Turnadot pays $3,000 balance due to the
supplier upon delivery of the planters to its warehouse.
September 5, 2015: The customer calls for delivery of the
planters, and pays the balance of $7,000 when they arrive at the customer site.
On August 5, 2015, which one of the following accounting
entries, related to the $1,000 deposit paid to the supplier for the planters,
should be recorded in Turnadot’s financial accounting system?

Debit the current asset ‘advances to suppliers’ $1,000;
credit cash $1,000
Debit inventory $1,000; credit cash $1,000
Debit cost of goods sold $4,000; credit cash $1,000; credit
accounts payable $3,000
Debit cost of goods sold $1,000; credit revenues $1,000

15.
Turnadot & Sons is a small wholesaler of decorative cast
iron objects. The following events, related to a special customer order, occur
as described below:

August 5, 2015: Turnadot receives the special order for 200
outdoor planters at a selling price of $50 each, including delivery at a future
convenient time and location. The customer, with whom Turnadot has had a
long-term, trouble-free relationship, pays $3,000 as a deposit and agrees to
pay the rest on delivery. Turnadot immediately orders $4,000 worth of planters
from its supplier and pays a $1,000 deposit for them.
August 27, 2015: Turnadot pays $3,000 balance due to the
supplier upon delivery of the planters to its warehouse.
September 5, 2015: The customer calls for delivery of the
planters, and pays the balance of $7,000 when they arrive at the customer site.
On August 27, 2015, upon delivery of planters to Turnadot’s
warehouse and payment of $3,000 balance due to the supplier, which one of the
following journal entries best reflects the economic impact of the transaction?

Debit inventory $3,000; credit cash $3,000
Debit inventory $4,000; credit the current asset ‘advances
to suppliers’ $1,000; credit cash $3,000
Debit cost of goods sold $4,000; credit cash $3,000; credit
accounts payable $1,000
Debit inventory $4,000; credit revenues $4,000

16.
Turnadot & Sons is a small wholesaler of decorative cast
iron objects. The following events, related to a special customer order, occur
as described below:

August 5, 2015: Turnadot receives the special order for 200
outdoor planters at a selling price of $50 each, including delivery at a future
convenient time and location. The customer, with whom Turnadot has had a
long-term, trouble-free relationship, pays $3,000 as a deposit and agrees to
pay the rest on delivery. Turnadot immediately orders $4,000 worth of planters
from its supplier and pays a $1,000 deposit for them.
August 27, 2015: Turnadot pays $3,000 balance due to the
supplier upon delivery of the planters to its warehouse.
September 5, 2015: The customer calls for delivery of the
planters, and pays the balance of $7,000 when they arrive at the customer site.
On September 5, 2015, when the planters are delivered and
the balance of $7,000 due from the customer is collected, which one of the
following journal entries best reflects the full economic impact of the special
order on Turnadot’s financial condition?

Dr. Cash 7,000, Cr. Revenues
7,000 and
Dr. COGS 4,000, Cr. Inventory
4,000
Dr. Cash 7,000, Cr. Revenues
7,000 and
Dr. Inventory
4,000, Cr. COGS 4,000
Dr. Cash 7,000, Dr. Advances from customers (liability)
3,000, Cr. Revenues 10,000
and
Dr. COGS 4,000, Cr. Inventory
4,00

17.
Turnadot & Sons is a small wholesaler of decorative cast
iron objects. The following events, related to a special customer order, occur
as described below:

August 5, 2015: Turnadot receives the special order for 200
outdoor planters at a selling price of $50 each, including delivery at a future
convenient time and location. The customer, with whom Turnadot has had a
long-term, trouble-free relationship, pays $3,000 as a deposit and agrees to
pay the rest on delivery. Turnadot immediately orders $4,000 worth of planters
from its supplier and pays a $1,000 deposit for them.
August 27, 2015: Turnadot pays $3,000 balance due to the
supplier upon delivery of the planters to its warehouse.
September 5, 2015: The customer calls for delivery of the
planters, and pays the balance of $7,000 when they arrive at the customer site.
What is the dollar gross margin earned by Turnadot on the
special order for 200 planters?

$2,000
$7,000
$9,000
$6,000

18.
The next 6 questions refer to Quentin Company’s December 31,
2014 Balance Sheet.

Quentin began 2014 with the following non-current asset
balances: Plant and equipment (net) $59,000; Patent (net) $28,000. No long-term
assets were purchased or sold during the year. How much amortization and
depreciation expense did Quentin record during 2014?

$3,000
$4,000
$7,000
Cannot be estimated.jpg” alt=”Macintosh hd:users:wali:desktop:screen shot 2014-08-18 at 5.39.31 pm.png”>

19.
Quentin’s 2014 net income was $5,000. No dividends were
declared or paid during 2014. What was Quentin’s retained earnings balance on
December 31, 2013?

$39,000
$49,000
$34,000
Cannot be estimated.jpg” alt=”Macintosh hd:users:wali:desktop:screen shot 2014-08-18 at 5.40.52 pm.png”>

20.
Quentin’s current ratio on December 31, 2014 is:

1.25
0.80
0.53
1.125.jpg” alt=”Macintosh hd:users:wali:desktop:screen shot 2014-08-18 at 5.41.46 pm.png”>

21.
Quentin’s total debt to equity ratio on December 31, 2014
is:

2.12
1.52
1.19
0.53.jpg” alt=”Macintosh hd:users:wali:desktop:screen shot 2014-08-18 at 5.42.30 pm.png”>

22.
Quentin Company’s year-end 2014 total assets equals its
year-end 2014 total liabilities and owners’ equity. This is most likely the
result of the company following the:

Historical Cost concept
Dual-aspect concept
Materiality concept
Money measurement concept.jpg” alt=”Macintosh hd:users:wali:desktop:screen shot 2014-08-19 at 10.38.08 pm.png”>

23.
Quentin’s December 31, 2013 inventory T-account debit
balance was also $56,000. During 2014, its inventory purchases amounted to
$25,000, and there were no inventory-related write-downs or losses. What was
Quentin’s 2014 cost of goods sold expense?

$5,000
$67,000
$20,000
$45,000

.jpg” alt=”Macintosh hd:users:wali:desktop:screen shot 2014-08-19 at 10.39.40 pm.png”>

24.
The next 6 questions refer to Carlita Company’s 2014 Income
Statement.

Carlita’s 2014 gross margin percentage is:

50%
33%
30%
25%

.jpg” alt=”Macintosh hd:users:wali:desktop:screen shot 2014-08-19 at 10.40.40 pm.png”>

25.
During 2014, Carlita’s competitor Farside had double the
sales of Carlita, but it also earned a gross margin of $30,000. Farside’s 2014
gross margin percentage was:

25%
50%
12.5%
Insufficient information; cannot be calculated

.jpg” alt=”Macintosh hd:users:wali:desktop:screen shot 2014-08-19 at 10.40.40 pm.png”>

26.
Carlita began 2014 with a retained earnings account balance
of $132,000. During 2014, it declared and paid dividends of $5,000. Its
December 31, 2014 retained earnings account balance is:

$132,000
$120,000
$139,000
Cannot be calculated.jpg” alt=”Macintosh hd:users:wali:desktop:screen shot 2014-08-19 at 10.40.40 pm.png”>

27.
Carlita’s 2014 return on sales percentage is:

25%
16.67%
15%
10%

.jpg” alt=”Macintosh hd:users:wali:desktop:screen shot 2014-08-19 at 10.45.17 pm.png”>

28.
Carlita began 2014 with an interest payable account balance
of $13,000. During 2014, it paid $5,000 in interest to its lenders. On December
31, 2014, its interest payable account balance is:

$15,000
$10,000
$13,000
Cannot be calculated.jpg” alt=”Macintosh hd:users:wali:desktop:screen shot 2014-08-19 at 10.45.17 pm.png”>

29.
Carlita began 2014 with a taxes payable account balance of
$3,000. On December 31, 2014, its taxes payable account balance is $7,000. How
much did Carlita pay to the tax authorities during the year?

$2,000
$6,000
$4,000
Cannot be calculated.jpg” alt=”Macintosh hd:users:wali:desktop:screen shot 2014-08-19 at 10.45.17 pm.png”>

30.
On January 1, 2015, Jon Sports has a bond payable of
$200,000. During 2015, it pays off $20,000 of the outstanding bond principal
and issues a new $70,000 bond. There are no other transactions related to the
bond payable account.

What is Jon Sports’ December 31, 2015 bond payable balance?

A debit balance of $250,000
A credit balance of $150,000
A debit balance of $150,000
A credit balance of $250,000

31.
The next 7 questions are based on Panjim Trading Company’s
cash T-account for 2015.

Based on Panjim’s 2015 cash T-account, which one of the
following statements must be true?

During 2015, Panjim’s total merchandise sales were $60,000
During 2015, Panjim’s total merchandise purchases were
$44,000
During 2015, Panjim issued $75,000 of debt
Panjim did not record any tax expense for 2015

.jpg” alt=”Macintosh hd:users:wali:desktop:screen shot 2014-08-19 at 10.48.05 pm.png”>

32.
Panjim began 2015 with salaries payable balance of $75,000.
It had 2015 salary expense of $80,000. Its 2015 ending salaries payable balance
must be:

$95,000
$55,000
$155,000
$105,000

.jpg” alt=”Macintosh hd:users:wali:desktop:screen shot 2014-08-19 at 10.48.05 pm.png”>

33.
Panjim’s 2015 cash flow from operations is:

A net outflow of $90,000
A net inflow of $90,000
A net inflow of $85,000
A net outflow of $85,000
.jpg” alt=”Macintosh hd:users:wali:desktop:screen shot 2014-08-19 at 10.48.05 pm.png”>

34.
Panjim’s 2015 cash flow from investing activities is:

A net outflow of $7,000
A net inflow of $3,000
A net inflow of $7,000
A net outflow of $3,000

.jpg” alt=”Macintosh hd:users:wali:desktop:screen shot 2014-08-19 at 10.48.05 pm.png”>

35.
Panjim’s 2015 cash flow from financing activities is:

A net outflow of $91,000
A net inflow of $86,000
A net outflow of $86,000
A net inflow of $91,000

.jpg” alt=”Macintosh hd:users:wali:desktop:screen shot 2014-08-19 at 10.48.05 pm.png”>

36.
Panjim recorded an interest expense of $6,000 for 2015.
Which one of the following line items would be included in the operating
section of the Panjim’s 2015 indirect method statement of cash flows?

Add increase in interest payable…$1,000
Subtract increase in interest payable…($1,000)
Add increase in interest payable…$6,000
Subtract decrease in interest payable…($5,000)

.jpg” alt=”Macintosh hd:users:wali:desktop:screen shot 2014-08-19 at 10.48.05 pm.png”>

37.
Panjim’s prepaid expense account consists only of garage
rental prepayments. Its 2015 beginning and ending balance were the same. Which
one of the following statements must be true?

Panjim had no garage rental expenses during 2015
Panjim’s prepaid expense account balance never varied during
2015
Panjim’s prepaid expense account balance varied during 2015
None of the above statements is true

.jpg” alt=”Macintosh hd:users:wali:desktop:screen shot 2014-08-19 at 10.48.05 pm.png”>

38.
Juan Foods purchases a computer system in 2015 for $20,000.
Its expected useful life is 5 years. At the end of 2015, it has to record
depreciation on the computer system of $2,000.

What is the correct journal entry to record the
depreciation?

Debit computer system $2,000; credit depreciation expense
$2,000
Debit accumulated depreciation $2,000; credit computer
system $2,000
Debit depreciation expense $2,000; credit accumulated
depreciation $2,000
Debit computer system $2,000; credit accumulated
depreciation $2,000

39.
Jackie’s Crafts is a successful retailer of fabric by the
yard and other sewing supplies. If Jackie were to shut down the store, the
bolts of fabrics and the bins of lace and trim, inventory valued at $20,000, on
average, at any point in time, would have to be sold for about 10% of that
value. But, Jackie’s accountant does not feel the need to reduce the value of
the inventory on the books.

This is a reflection of the:

Consistency concept
Materiality concept
Historical cost concept
Going-concern concept

40.
Weldon Engineering owes one of its creditors $20,000. To
settle the debt, Weldon pays $5,000 cash and also issues common stock valued at
$15,000 to the creditor.

How would this repayment of the $20,000 debt be recorded in
Weldon’s books?

Debit debt owed $20,000; credit cash $5,000; credit common
stock $15,000
Debit common stock $15,000; debit cash $5,000; credit debt
owed $20,000
Debit common stock $15,000; debit debt owed $5,000; credit
cash $20,000
Debit debt owed $5,000; credit cash $5,000

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