Blood Gas Interpretation

Identify normal acid-base balance, primary respiratory disturbances, and primary metabolic disturbances as they may appear on a blood gas report Interpret acid-base balances and classify their severity. https://cehe.instructure.com/courses/132511/files/47238734/download?wrap=1 (copy and paste in the URL search box). Arterial blood gas monitoring provides valuable information about the adequacy of ventilation and/or oxygenation of the blood. It is also a valuable diagnostic tool used to evaluate respiratory or metabolic disorders, quantitate the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions, and monitor the progression or improvement of documented cardiopulmonary disease. This diagnostic tool is only useful if the results are interpreted correctly. Physicians, respiratory therapists, and other health care professionals make decisions about the care of a patient based on arterial blood gas reports; therefore, interpreting blood gases is important to appropriately treat critically ill patients. Use the guide provided below to complete your assignment. 1) When interpreting ABG’s: Look at your pH Is your pH within normal range? 7.35 – 7.45. A normal pH indicates homeostasis If your pH is below 7.35, the blood is acidotic If your pH is above 7.45, the blood is alkalotic This is will be your LAST NAME (Acidosis or Alkalosis?) 2) If your pH is acidotic or alkalotic, then determine the cause. Look at your 2 major organs……which is causing the problem? LUNGS or KIDNEYS Lungs = PaCO2 (respiratory system) Normal = 35 – 45mmHg. If the PaCO2 is less than 35, alkalotic If the PaCO2 is greater than 45, acidotic Kidneys = HCO3 (metabolic system) Normal = 22 – 26 mEq/L If the HCO3- is less than 22, acidosis If the HCO3- is greater than 26, alkalosis This will make up your FIRST NAME (respiratory or metabolic). Which organ matches your last name? Example #1 pH: 7.25 = acidosis PaCO2: 53 = acidosis Interpretation is respiratory acidosis Example #2 pH: 7.49 = alkalosis PaCO2: 30 = alkalosis Interpretation is respiratory alkalosis Example #3 pH: 7.30 = acidosis HCO3: 18 = acidosis Interpretation is metabolic acidosis Example #4 pH: 7.49 HCO3: 29 Interpretation is metabolic alkalosis 3) Look at your opposite organ. Is compensation occurring? Is it doing the opposite of your LAST NAME? Example #1 pH: 7.32 Acidosis PaCO2: 49 Acidosis HCO3: 31 Alkalosis(Basic) Interpretation is compensated respiratory acidosis. HCO3 is alkalotic or “compensating” for a primary respiratory acidotic problem. 4) Is it “partially” or fully compensated? Partially: pH will be OUT OF NORMAL RANGE Fully: pH will be WITHIN NORMAL RANGE Example #1 pH: 7.29 PaCO2: 54 HCO3: 34 Interpretation is partially compensating respiratory acidosis. ACUTE -vs- CHRONIC CONDITION Acute: pH is OUTSIDE normal range Chronic: pH is WITHIN normal range ACUTE ON CHRONIC EPISODE pH is OUTSIDE normal range PaCO2 is elevated HCO3 is elevated A patient experiencing an acute respiratory episode on top of a chronic respiratory condition. Referred to as “exacerbation of COPD” An example is a low pH, high PaCO2, and high HCO3. Prompt Provide the full interpretation (acid-base, ventilation, oxygenation status, anion gap) for each individual arterial blood gas results below. Provide the standard statements for ABG interpretations and provide a detailed explanation for your interpretation of each ABG values. Identify the system that is causing the acid-base disturbance and the one that is doing the compensating(fixing). Quantify the level of hypoxemia, when appropriate. Discuss the anion gap, when appropriate. Again, be sure to explain in sufficient detail how and why you reached the ABG conclusion you did for ‘each’ example. #1 Patient Slater pH 7.39 PaCO2 42 mmHg HCO3- 25 mEq/l BE +1 PaO2 72 mmHg SaO2 94% Interpretation:_______ #2 Patient Fulton pH 7.26 PaCO2 52 mmHg HCO3- 23 mEq/l BE – 4 PaO2 38 mmHg SaO2 76% K+ 4.5 mEq/L Cl- 105 mEq/L Interpretation:_______ #3 Patient Frey pH 6.92 PaCO2 76 mmHg HCO3- 15 mEq/l BE – 17 PaO2 55 mmHg SaO2 80% Na+ 136 mEq/L Cl- 100 mEq/L Interpretation:_______ #4 Patient Blanco pH 7.58 PaCO2 24 mmHg HCO3- 22 mEq/l BE + 8 PaO2 99 mmHg SaO2 99% Na+ 140 mEq/L Cl- 99 mEq/L Interpretation:_______ #5 Patient Lange pH 7.28 PaCO2 39 mmHg HCO3- 18 mEq/l BE – 4 PaO2 66 mmHg SaO2 91% Na+ 139 mEq/L Cl- 104 mEq/L Interpretation:_______ Requirements: Submit your responses, in at least 400 words on a Word document (excluding the prompt, title, cover page, citations/references, quotations). You will have to expand on your description of your understanding of ABG analysis to meet the 400 words. It is suggested you include those areas that are more challenging and also the significance and value of the anion gap. Grammar and spelling count. You must include at least one reference to defend and support your position.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Blood Gas Interpretation
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay
Order a unique copy of this paper
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our Guarantees

At 111papers.com, we value all our customers, and for that, always strive to ensure that we deliver the best top-quality content that we can. All the processes, from writing, formatting, editing, and submission is 100% original and detail-oriented. With us, you are, therefore, always guaranteed quality work by certified and experienced writing professionals. We take pride in the university homework help services that we provide our customers.

Money-Back Guarantee

As the best homework help service in the world, 111 Papers ensures that all customers are completely satisfied with the finished product before disbursing payment. You are not obligated to pay for the final product if you aren’t 100% satisfied with the paper. We also provide a money-back guarantee if you don’t feel that your paper was written to your satisfaction. This guarantee is totally transparent and follows all the terms and conditions set by the company.

Read more

Zero-Plagiarism Guarantee

All products that we deliver are guaranteed to be 100% original. We check for unoriginality on all orders delivered by our writers using the most advanced anti-plagiarism programs in the market. We, therefore, guarantee that all products that we submit to you are 100% original. We have a zero-tolerance policy for copied content. Thanks to our strict no plagiarized work rule, you can submit your homework to your professor without worrying.

Read more

Free-Revision Policy

TThis is one of the most cherished courtesy services that we provide to help ensure that our customers are completely satisfied with our finished products. Delivering the best final product to our customers takes multiple inputs. 111papers.com prides itself on delivering the best university homework help services in the writing industry. And, in part, our free revision policy is how we do it. What’s more, all our revisions are 100% free without any strings attached.

Read more

Privacy Policy

Client privacy is important to use. We know and understand just how important customers value their privacy and always want to safeguard their personal information. Thus, all the information that you share with us will always remain in safe custody. We will never disclose your personal information to any third party or sell your details to anyone. 111 Papers uses the most sophisticated, top-of-the-line security programs to ensure that our customers’ information is safe and secured.

Read more

Fair-Cooperation Guarantee

Placing your order with us means that you agree with the homework help service we provide. We, in turn, will endear to ensure that we do everything we can to deliver the most comprehensive finished product as per your requirements. We will also count on your cooperation to help us deliver on this mandate. Yes, we also need you to ensure that you have the highest-quality paper.

Read more

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency