Fiance math | Business & Finance homework help

Table 4-1
Garland Company Balance Sheet
Assets:
Cash and marketable securities  $500,000
Accounts receivable  800,000
Inventories 1,350,000
Prepaid expenses  50,000
Total current assets $2,700,000
Fixed assets 5,000,000
Less: accum. depr.  (2,000,000)
Net fixed assets  $3,000,000
Total assets $5,700,000
Liabilities:
Accounts payable  $400,000
Notes payable  900,000
Accrued taxes  75,000
Total current liabilities    $1,375,000
Long-term debt  1,200,000
Owner’s equity  3,125,000
Total liabilities and owner’s equity $5,700,000
Net sales (all credit)  $8,000,000
Less: Cost of goods sold  (3,500,000)
Selling and administrative expense (2,000,000)
Depreciation expense  (250,000)
Interest expense  (150,000)
Earnings before taxes  2,100,000
Income taxes  (700,000)
Net income $1,400,000
Common stock dividends  $500,000
Common Shares Outstanding  1,000,000
34) Based on the information in Table 4-1, the debt ratio is:
a. 21.1%
b. 48.8%
c. 45.2%
d. 22.6%

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41) How much money must you pay into an account at the end of each of 20
years in order to have $100,000 at the end of the 20th year? Assume that
the account pays 6% per year, and round to the nearest $1.
a. $2,718
b. $2,195
c. $1,840
d. $2,028
42) How much money must you pay into an account at the beginning of each of
20 years in order to have $10,000 at the end of the 20th year? Assume that
the account pays 12% per year, and round to the nearest $1.
a. $124
b. $111
c. $1,195
d. $139

 

 

60) What is the value of a preferred stock that pays a $3.50 dividend to an investor with a required rate of return of 9% (round your answer to the nearest
$1)?
a. $23
b. $39
c. $31.50
d. $17

 

87) JBC Corp. declared a dividend of $2 per share, which was an increase of
25% from the prior year, yet JBC Corp. stock declined by 3% the day of the
announcement. RBG Corp. declared a dividend of $2 per share, which was
the same as the prior year, and its stock increased in value by 2% on the day
of the announcement. These events could be most readily explained by the
a. information effect.
b. expectations theory.
c. clientele effect.
d. residual dividend theory.
Final Examination
23
Introduction to Financial Management
88) High dividends may increase stock values due to all of the following reasons
except:
a. higher dividends allow companies to increase their proportion of external
equity financing.
b. higher dividends are used to signal higher expected future earnings.
c. dividends are more certain than capital gains.
d. dividends are used as a tool to minimize agency costs.
89) According to the clientele effect,
a. even if capital markets are perfect, dividend policy still matters.
b. companies should change their dividend policies to please their target group
of investors.
c. companies should avoid making capricious changes in their dividend policies.
d. companies should have dividend payout ratios of either 100% or 0%.
90) While Captive, Inc. has been in business for over 50 years, newly developed
products pushed the firm’s year-over-year growth rate to 35% during the latest three years. The firm is proud of its history of paying dividends, but the
vigorous recent growth of the firm has left it cash challenged. Which of the
following policies/procedures would you consider best under the circumstances?
a. Substitute a stock dividend for the current cash dividend.
b. Borrow long-term to pay the current dividend.
c. Enter into a long-term stock repurchase program.
d. Look seriously for a merger partner.
91) All of the following are rationales given for a stock dividend or split except:
a. the price will not fall proportionately to the share increase.
b. an optimum price range does not exist.
c. conservation of corporate cash.
d. there is positive informational content associated with the announcement.
92) Use the “percent of sales method” of preparing pro forma financial statements to determine the projection for next year’s inventory. Make the following assumptions: current year’s sales are $24,500,000; current year’s cost of
goods sold is $15,925,000; sales are expected to rise by 25%. The firm’s
investment in inventory in the current year is $3,621,300. What is the projection for next year’s inventory?
a. $5,555,000
b. $6,125,000
24
Final Examination
Introduction to Financial Management
c. $4,526,600
d. $3,981,250
93) Predicting a firm’s future financial needs includes all of the following steps
except:
a. estimation of projected sales and expenses.
b. determination of the firm’s financing needs for the period.
c. estimation of investment levels for current and fixed assets.
d. review of the firm’s sales revenues and expenses over all past planning periods.
94) Buster Enterprises’ projected sales for the first six months of 2008 are given
below:
Jan.  $400,000  April  $450,000   Feb.  $540,000  May  $480,000   Mar.  $350,000  June  $520,000
30% of sales are collected in cash at time of sale, 60% are collected in the
month following the sale, and the remaining 10% are collected in the second
month following the sale. Cost of goods sold is 70% of sales. Purchases are made
in the month prior to the sales, and payments for purchases are made in the
month of the sale. Total other cash expenses are $50,000/month. The company’s
cash balance as of February 28, 2008 will be $30,000. Excess cash will be
used to retire short-term borrowing (if any). Buster Enterprises has no short term
borrowing as of February 28, 2008. Assume that the interest rate on short-term
borrowing is 1% per month. The company must have a minimum cash balance of
$20,000 at the beginning of each month. What is Buster Enterprises’ earnings
before interest and taxes for April 2008?
a. $ 85,000
b. $159,000
c. $138,000
d. $135,000
95) All of the following are found in the cash budget except
a. accounts receivable.
b. new financing needed.
c. cash disbursements.
d. a net change in cash for the period.
Final Examination
25
Introduction to Financial Management
96) Fielding Wilderness Outfitters had projected its sales for the first six months
of 2008 to be as follows:
Jan.  $ 50,000  April  $180,000
Feb.  $ 60,000  May  $240,000
Mar.  $100,000  June  $240,000
Cost of goods sold is 60% of sales. Purchases are made and paid for two months
prior to the sale. 40% of sales are collected in the month of the sale, 40% are
collected in the month following the sale, and the remaining 20% in the second
month following the sale. Total other cash expenses are $40,000/month. The
company’s cash balance as of March 1st, 2008 is projected to be $40,000, and
the company wants to maintain a minimum cash balance of $15,000. Excess
cash will be used to retire short-term borrowing (if any exists). Fielding has no
short-term borrowing as of March 1st, 2008. Assume that the interest rate on
short-term borrowing is 1% per month. What is Fielding’s projected total receipts
(collections) for April?
a. $36,000
b. $124,000
c. -$4,000
d. $180,000
97) A company that increases its liquidity by holding more cash and marketable
securities is
a. going to have to sell common stock to raise the cash to become more liquid.
b. likely to achieve a higher return on equity because of higher interest income.
c. likely to achieve a lower return on equity because of the smaller rates of
return earned on cash and marketable securities compared to the firm’s other
investments.
d. going to maximize firm value because risk is decreased.
98) Which of the following actions would improve a firm’s liquidity?
a. selling bonds and increasing cash
b. increasing the company’s dividend payments
c. repurchasing stock
d. buying bonds
99) Which of the following actions would improve a firm’s liquidity?
a. buying machinery with long-term debt
b. purchasing inventories for cash
c. purchasing inventory on trade credit
d. purchasing inventory with long-term debt
26
Final Examination
Introduction to Financial Management
100) Your company buys supplies on credit terms of 2/10 net 45. Suppose the
company makes a purchase of $20,000 today. Which of the following payment options makes the most sense as a general rule?
a. Pay the bill on day 45 due to the time value of money.
b. Pay the bill as soon as possible to keep the supplier happy.
c. Pay the bill on day 10 to get the discount.
d. Either pay the bill on day 10 to get the discount, or wait until day 45

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