Intermediate accounting questions U.S.M’s actuary determined that 2013 service cost

Accounting17-9 U.S.M’s actuary determined that 2013 service cost is $60,000. Both the expected and actual rate of return on plan assets is 9%. The interest (discount) rate is 5%. U.S.M contributed $120,000 to the pension fund at the end of 2013, and retirees were paid $44,000 from plan assets.Determine the following amounts at the end of 2013:1) Pension Expense2) Projected benefit obligation3) Plan assets4) Net pension asset or net pension liability5) Prepare journal entries to record the pension expense, funding of plan assets, and retiree benefit payments.Is USM’s pension plan underfunded or overfunded? Explain.17-14The funded status of Hilton Paneling Inc.’s defined benefit pension plan and the balances in prior service cost and the net gain- pensions, are given below.($ in 000’s)2013 Beg Balances 2013 Ending BalancesProjected benefit obligation $2,300 $2,501Plan assets 2,400 2,591Funded Status 100 90Prior service cost – AOCI 325 300Net Gain – AOCI 330 300Retirees were paid $270,000 and the employee contribution to the pension fund was $245,000 at the end of 2013. The expected rate of return on plan assets was 10%, and the actuary’s discount rate is 7%. There were no changes in actuarial estimates and assumptions regarding the PBO.Determine the following amounts:1 Actual return on plan assets2Loss or Gain on plan assets3Service cost4Pension expenseBriefly explain how Hilton would have accounted for changes to actuarial estimates and assumptions regarding its PBO, if any changes in estimates and/or assumptions had been made.CMA Questions 1 and 2Briefly explain choices.1) The projected benefit obligations (PBO) is best described as thea) Present value of benefits accrued to date based on future salary levelsb) Present value of benefits accrued to date based on current salary levelsc) Increase in retroactive benefits at the date of the amendment of the pland) Amount of the adjustment necessary to reflect the difference between actual and estimated actuarial returns2) On November 30, the Board of Directors of Baldwin Corp amended its pension plan giving retroactive benefits to its employees. The information below is provided at November 30.Accumulated benefit obligation (ABO) $825,000Projected benefit obligation (PBO) 900,000Plan assets (fair value) 307,000Market related asset value 301,150Prior service cost 190,000Average remaining service life of employees 10 yearsUseful life of pension goodwill 20 yearsUsing the straight line method of amortization, the amount of prior service cost charged to expense during the year ended November 30 is:a) $9,500b) $19,000c) $30,250d) $190,000

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