Pad 510 final exam | Business & Finance homework help

The Streams Metaphor is associated with which scholar?

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Answer

[removed]

 

Paul Sabatier.

[removed]

 

John Kingdon.

[removed]

 

David Easton.

[removed]

 

Helen Ingram.

2 points   

Question 2

1.         

“Pork barrel” spending is most closely associated with which policy type?

Answer

[removed]

 

regulatory policies.

[removed]

 

distributive polices.

[removed]

 

redistributive policies.

[removed]

 

agenda policies.

2 points   

Question 3

1.         

The Advocacy Coalition Framework illustrates

Answer

[removed]

 

The important role of interest groups.

[removed]

 

How implementation takes place in policy subsystems rather than in one-to-one relationships.

[removed]

 

How members of Congress can work together to set the national agenda.

[removed]

 

The centrality of the executive branch in setting the national agenda.

2 points   

Question 4

1.         

Log rolling by legislators often leads to _______ spending

Answer

[removed]

 

pork barrel

[removed]

 

wise

[removed]

 

cost effective

[removed]

 

representative

[removed]

 

transparent

2 points   

Question 5

1.         

From 2008 to 2011, the federal budget deficit as a proportion of GDP

Answer

[removed]

 

Sharply grew.

[removed]

 

Gradually grew.

[removed]

 

Declined.

[removed]

 

Remained flat.

[removed]

 

Wildly changed as economic problems have come and gone.

2 points   

Question 6

1.         

Material inducements to join are most closely associated with which unofficial actors?

Answer

[removed]

 

think tanks

[removed]

 

news media

[removed]

 

interest groups

[removed]

 

political parties

2 points   

Question 7

1.         

The main critique of the “stages” model of the policy process is that it

Answer

[removed]

 

is too complicated.

[removed]

 

assumes a linear and orderly policy process.

[removed]

 

ignores politics.

[removed]

 

fails to account for the shortcomings of Congress.

2 points   

Question 8

1.         

The systematic study of bureaucracy was first associated with

Answer

[removed]

 

Aaron Wildavsky.

[removed]

 

Larry Sabato.

[removed]

 

Max Weber.

[removed]

 

Paul Sabatier.

2 points   

Question 9

1.         

The mutually reinforcing relationship between a congressional subcommittee, a federal agency, and regulated interest groups is known as the _____________model of policy relationships.

Answer

[removed]

 

triple play

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iron triangle

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iron cross

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golden triangle

[removed]

 

iron network

2 points   

Question 10

1.         

The laws that made when judges and courts make decisions are called _____________

Answer

[removed]

 

statutes.

[removed]

 

case law.

[removed]

 

regulations.

[removed]

 

statues.

[removed]

 

out laws.

2 points   

Question 11

1.         

Protective regulatory policy

Answer

[removed]

 

regulates competition between actors in society and the market place.

[removed]

 

distributes resources amongst various members of the public.

[removed]

 

regulates the interactions between welfare recipients and the wealthiest members of society.

[removed]

 

seeks to protect the public from the negative effects of private activity.

2 points   

Question 12

1.         

Political learning entails

Answer

[removed]

 

learning about better strategies for making political arguments.

[removed]

 

an evaluation of policy tools and techniques.

[removed]

 

an analysis of attitudes towards program goals.

[removed]

 

learning about how to use computer technology to improve implementation.

2 points   

Question 13

1.         

The news media

Answer

[removed]

 

Have little role in the policy process because they simply cover celebrity news and fluff.

[removed]

 

Are important for highlighting issues and problems, but do not generally provide policy solutions.

[removed]

 

Are central to the policy process.

[removed]

 

Are ignored by policy makers because they have their own source of expertise and information.

2 points   

Question 14

1.         

An economic depression is characterized by

Answer

[removed]

 

extremely high unemployment and significant reduction in the GDP that is deeper and longer than a typical recession.

[removed]

 

a period of economic contraction when the value of the GDP shrinks for two consecutive quarters.

[removed]

 

a crisis in the stock market.

[removed]

 

a rise in the national gross product.

2 points   

Question 15

1.         

If I were to say that focus of policy studies should be on the actions of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches, what approach to policy studies would I be adopting?

Answer

[removed]

 

rational-choice theory

[removed]

 

elite theory

[removed]

 

institutionalism

[removed]

 

group theory

[removed]

 

pluralism

2 points   

Question 16

1.         

Which of these statements is true?

Answer

[removed]

 

Voting turnout is always lower for congressional elections than for presidential elections.

[removed]

 

Voting turnout is always higher for congressional elections than for presidential elections.

[removed]

 

Voting turnout for presidential and congressional elections is roughly equal.

[removed]

 

Voting turnout is dependent on fluctuating demographics.

2 points   

Question 17

1.         

Muckraking is a term applied to

Answer

[removed]

 

activist groups holding demonstrations and rallies to force policy change.

[removed]

 

descriptive journalism.

[removed]

 

investigative journalism.

[removed]

 

objective journalism.

2 points   

Question 18

1.         

The allocation of television and radio frequencies and the awarding of cable television franchises are examples of which policy type?

Answer

[removed]

 

redistributive

[removed]

 

competitive regulatory

[removed]

 

protective regulatory

[removed]

 

procedural

2 points   

Question 19

1.         

The phenomenon that involves members of a legislature agreeing to vote for each other’s spending bills is known as _____________

Answer

[removed]

 

voting.

[removed]

 

logrolling.

[removed]

 

vote winking.

[removed]

 

a Yankee gentlemen’s agreement.

[removed]

 

proxy voting.

2 points   

Question 20

1.         

Social Construction refers to

Answer

[removed]

 

urban sprawl.

[removed]

 

the elite.

[removed]

 

the process of defining problems and the causes of them.

[removed]

 

changing conditions over time.

2 points   

Question 21

1.         

Outputs from the systems model of politics and policy include

Answer

[removed]

 

Laws, regulations, and decisions.

[removed]

 

Election results, public opinion, communication to elected officials, and personal experiences of decision makers.

[removed]

 

Rules developed by administrative agencies.

[removed]

 

Items and issues not essential to the policy process.

2 points   

Question 22

1.         

Official Actors in the policy process gain their role by virtue of:

Answer

[removed]

 

monetary wealth.

[removed]

 

a statutory or constitutional role.

[removed]

 

vested interests.

[removed]

 

heredity.

2 points   

Question 23

1.         

The theory that states that a few people in government, business, academia, and the media have a disproportionate share of the control over America’s political and economic resources is called

Answer

[removed]

 

rational-choice theory.

[removed]

 

elite theory.

[removed]

 

institutionalism.

[removed]

 

group theory.

[removed]

 

pluralism.

2 points   

Question 24

1.         

Group mobilization refers to the idea that

Answer

[removed]

 

groups mount big get-out-the-vote campaigns.

[removed]

 

people are apathetic and never get involved in policy making.

[removed]

 

people can be persuaded to care about issues and become more active in discussions of politics and policy.

[removed]

 

most people are always politically active and engaged in group politics in some way.

2 points   

Question 25

1.         

Government agencies are part of what branch of government?

Answer

[removed]

 

judicial

[removed]

 

legislative

[removed]

 

executive

[removed]

 

state government

2 points   

Question 26

1.         

The Advocacy Coalition Framework illustrates

Answer

[removed]

 

the important role of interest groups and group alliances.

[removed]

 

how members of congress can work together to set the national agenda.

[removed]

 

the centrality of the executive branch in setting the national agenda.

[removed]

 

the importance of arguing claims before the Supreme Court.

2 points   

Question 27

1.         

Evidence gathered using the scientific method is superior to anecdotal evidence because

Answer

[removed]

 

scientists are smarter than other people.

[removed]

 

the scientific method generally yields better knowledge than do anecdotes.

[removed]

 

it’s easier to gather evidence using the scientific method.

[removed]

 

because there is only one scientific method that all scientists use consistently.

2 points   

Question 28

1.         

People belong to membership interest groups by virtue of

Answer

[removed]

 

having joined and paid dues.

[removed]

 

being a member of a profession.

[removed]

 

joining an institution such as a university .

[removed]

 

having an economic interest in the outcome of policy decisions.

2 points   

Question 29

1.         

The laws that are drafted by the legislature are called _____________

Answer

[removed]

 

statutes

[removed]

 

case law

[removed]

 

regulations

[removed]

 

statues

[removed]

 

out laws

2 points   

Question 30

1.         

Why were the Articles of Confederation ultimately replaced by the federal Constitution?

Answer

[removed]

 

Federal taxes were too high.

[removed]

 

Many people thought that the national government was too weak to confront national challenges.

[removed]

 

The smaller states felt they had less power under the Articles of Confederation.

[removed]

 

The Articles of Confederation were set to expire in 1789 no matter what.

2 points   

Question 31

1.         

In scholarly research, a good theory should

Answer

[removed]

 

generate hypotheses that can be tested.

[removed]

 

solve pressing societal problems.

[removed]

 

be easy to understand.

[removed]

 

conform to what people know about how the world works.

2 points   

Question 32

1.         

The substantive area of policy over which participants in policy making compete and compromise is known as

Answer

[removed]

 

the policy community.

[removed]

 

the iron triangle.

[removed]

 

an issue network.

[removed]

 

a policy domain.

[removed]

 

the issue arena.

2 points   

Question 33

1.         

Policy makers often use ______________ as a way of floating “trial balloons” to assess the reaction of the public to certain policy issues.

Answer

[removed]

 

the media

[removed]

 

other policy makers

[removed]

 

focus groups

[removed]

 

community forums

2 points   

Question 34

1.         

When we discuss the outcomes of policies we are concerned with

Answer

[removed]

 

the substantive accomplishments of the policies.

[removed]

 

the amount of money the government spends to implement a policy.

[removed]

 

the number of people employed in enacting the policy.

[removed]

 

the influence of the policy on congressional elections.

2 points   

Question 35

1.         

In the mid-1960s, David Easton first pioneered a model that states that the public policy process is a product of a system. The public policy process is influenced by and influences the environment in which it operates. This model is known as the

Answer

[removed]

 

bi-linear model.

[removed]

 

systems model.

[removed]

 

linear model.

[removed]

 

Dave’s model.

[removed]

 

analysis model.

2 points   

Question 36

1.         

The writing of vague policy and law by the Congress implies what for government agencies?

Answer

[removed]

 

Highly restricted agency action.

[removed]

 

The lack of administrative discretion.

[removed]

 

A highly accountable government agency.

[removed]

 

An opportunity for government agencies to shape policy through implementation.

2 points   

Question 37

1.         

When newspapers and other media talk about “playing politics” with an issue, they usually mean that

Answer

[removed]

 

A policy issue is undergoing careful scientific analysis.

[removed]

 

Various interests are competing, often in seemingly self-interested ways, to gain their goals at the expense of others.

[removed]

 

An election is being held.

[removed]

 

The president recommends a new policy initiative.

2 points   

Question 38

1.         

Casework is most closely associated with which group of actors?

Answer

[removed]

 

interest groups

[removed]

 

legislatures

[removed]

 

the courts

[removed]

 

think tanks

2 points   

Question 39

1.         

The daily newspaper of federal regulatory activity is called the ______________

Answer

[removed]

 

Congressional Record.

[removed]

 

Federal Register.

[removed]

 

New York Times.

[removed]

 

Regulatory Tribune.

[removed]

 

Federal Regulatory Times.

2 points   

Question 40

1.         

The “Institutional Analysis and Development” framework, associated with Elinor Ostrom’s work, describes policy making and change in terms of

Answer

[removed]

 

long-term periods of stability in policy with short bursts of policy change.

[removed]

 

the joining of problems, policies, and politics in “windows of opportunity” for change.

[removed]

 

how groups join into larger alliances to promote shared interests.

[removed]

 

the idea that boundedly rational people come together in “institutions” to pursue policy goals.

2 points   

Question 41

1.         

In American political philosophy, governmental authority is delegated from

Answer

[removed]

 

the president.

[removed]

 

the people.

[removed]

 

the government.

[removed]

 

the Constitution.

2 points   

Question 42

1.         

What is the key barrier to interest group growth and success?

Answer

[removed]

 

Legal prohibitions against forming various types of interest groups.

[removed]

 

The amount of time, effort, and expense it takes to create an effective interest group.

[removed]

 

Poor media coverage of issues of importance to Americans.

[removed]

 

Our federal system of government, which makes it hard to form interest groups.

2 points   

Question 43

1.         

A policy tool is

Answer

[removed]

 

the law that compels action on the part of implementers.

[removed]

 

a method through which government seeks to achieve a policy objective.

[removed]

 

the equipment government uses to address problems, such as computers, police cars, or medicines.

[removed]

 

an agent of the government whose job it is to implement policy.

2 points   

Question 44

1.         

An agenda in the policy process refers to

Answer

[removed]

 

the semi-secret plans of interest groups to gain support for unpopular ideas.

[removed]

 

the implementation of public policy.

[removed]

 

the matters before public institutions that are available for discussion and decision.

[removed]

 

the annual budget bill.

2 points   

Question 45

1.         

According to Stone one purpose of using numbers in problem definition is

Answer

[removed]

 

to demonstrate the rationality of a certain policy solution.

[removed]

 

the process of counting something makes people notice it more, and record keeping stimulates reporting.

[removed]

 

numerical strategies prove facts.

[removed]

 

numbers are easy to manipulate.

2 points   

Question 46

1.         

Classifying policies as either liberal or conservative is:

Answer

[removed]

 

their ideological content.

[removed]

 

to their cost/ benefit ratio.

[removed]

 

the amount of support a political party gives them.

[removed]

 

to their material or symbolic content.

2 points   

Question 47

1.         

Where does the greatest amount agenda setting power in Congress reside?

Answer

[removed]

 

In the Committee Chairs.

[removed]

 

In the Whips.

[removed]

 

In the most Senior Members of Congress.

[removed]

 

In the members from the largest states.

2 points   

Question 48

1.         

The separation of powers refers to

Answer

[removed]

 

Relationships between the state and federal government.

[removed]

 

The assignment of powers and duties to the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.

[removed]

 

The relative strength of large states in presidential elections.

[removed]

 

The difference in size and prestige between the House and the Senate.

2 points   

Question 49

1.         

The idea that interest groups are organized in policy communities within a policy domain is associated with which model of the policy process?

Answer

[removed]

 

punctuated equilibrium.

[removed]

 

systems model.

[removed]

 

advocacy coalition framework.

[removed]

 

streams metaphor.

2 points   

Question 50

1.         

Hearings, lawmaking, and congressional oversight hearings are used to

Answer

[removed]

 

serve as a check on the bureaucracy.

[removed]

 

enhance presidential power.

[removed]

 

express appreciation for the fine work that bureaucrats do.

[removed]

 

raise money for campaigns and elections.

2 points   

 Save and Submit

·         Question 1

2 out of 2 points

   

Correct

The Streams Metaphor is associated with which scholar?

Answer

     

Selected Answer:

https://blackboard.strayer.edu/images/ci/icons/check.gif   

John Kingdon.

Correct Answer:

https://blackboard.strayer.edu/images/ci/icons/check.gif   

John Kingdon.

     

·         Question 2

2 out of 2 points

   

Correct

“Pork barrel” spending is most closely associated with which policy type?

Answer

     

Selected Answer:

https://blackboard.strayer.edu/images/ci/icons/check.gif   

distributive polices.

Correct Answer:

https://blackboard.strayer.edu/images/ci/icons/check.gif   

distributive polices.

     

 

·         Question 3

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