Religious studies course100, (50 multiple-choice questions)

all of the questions come from this book:

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Religion Today: A Critical Thinking Approach to Religious Studies By Ross Aden

(Chapters 4-7 )

 

 

 

 

A rationalist interpretation of myth argues that:

Question 1 options:

myths explain the primal origins and operations of the universe and society

myths are representations of the unconscious

myths are an exploration of sacred reality that goes beyond our ordinary world

myths are lies

Question 2 (1 point)

Introvertive mysticism refers to:

Question 2 options:

directing one’s interest or attention outward to the environment

the spontaneous religious experience

directing one’s interest or attention to the self

the common experiences of the ordinary mind

Save

Question 3 (1 point)

The secularization thesis:

Question 3 options:

is a theory that argues religion will never disappear from contemporary society

is the argument that with the separation of religion from other aspects of society, religion will eventually disappear

is the theory that more and more religions will be stem from our secular entertainment; for example, Star Wars movies

is evident in our governments, which are not influenced at all by religion

Save

Question 4 (1 point)

Richard Dawkins argues that:

Question 4 options:

all religions are peaceful

some religions are peaceful while others are violent

all religions are violent

all religions are pacifist

Save

Question 5 (1 point)

The term, ‘fundamentalism’:

Question 5 options:

is historically associated with Christianity

is historically associated with Islam

describes the want to adapt religion to modern society

describes practitioners who believe in evolution

Save

Question 6 (1 point)

A symbol is:

Question 6 options:

the idea that tangible objects disclose some hidden mystery

a marker, sign, or point that is not necessarily intelligible to outsiders

something that makes intangible knowledge out of something tangible

all of the above

Save

Question 7 (1 point)

According to Aden, ‘negative rituals’:

Question 7 options:

are a means to dispel evil

are rituals that cause harm

are rituals not practiced properly

separate the sacred from the profane

Save

Question 8 (1 point)

‘Disenchantment’ refers to:

Question 8 options:

society’s disgust with the disappearance of religion

the disappearance of the supernatural from our daily lives

religious leaders who are upset over lack of membership in this religious organizations

the popularity of make-believe figures such as Santa Claus and the Easter Bunny

Save

Question 9 (1 point)

The ‘scapegoat mechanism involves:

Question 9 options:

the sacrifice of goats in exchange for peace

the persecution and murder of someone who is helpless

the protection of the helpless and marginalized

laws to protect religious freedom

Save

Question 10 (1 point)

Dhikr is:

Question 10 options:

body mortifications practiced by holy men

speaking in tongues

chanting, singing, and rocking movements in Sufism

a type of mystical experience in Hinduism

 

Question 11 (1 point)

The yin/yang is a:

Question 11 options:

ritual in Buddhism

Daoist symbol representing balance

myth about Kwan Yin

type of hair style

Save

Question 12 (1 point)

A cult is:

Question 12 options:

never religious

a new religious movement

a dangerous organization

an established religious organization

Save

Question 13 (1 point)

Aden argues that William James’s characterizations of the mystical experience:

Question 13 options:

are very accurate

are experienced by everyone

fall short and don’t adequately represent all religious experiences

is the only way to understand the mystical experience

Save

Question 14 (1 point)

According to William James, the mystical experience:

Question 14 options:

is a passive experience that is likened to the receiving of a gift

is the same across time, space, and cultures

is only achieved by a select few

all of the above

Save

Question 15 (1 point)

Joseph Campbell argued that:

Question 15 options:

myths don’t exist

symbols are useless in contemporary times

a popular structure of myth is the Hero’s Journey

myth can only be understood in relation to ritual

Save

Question 16 (1 point)

Religions of revolution:

Question 16 options:

are religions of resistance which are no longer defensive, but offensive

represent the majority

are supported by government

are found in ‘eastern’ religions only

Save

Question 17 (1 point)

The most populated religion in the world is:

Question 17 options:

Hinduism

Islam

Christianity

new religious movements

Save

Question 18 (1 point)

The ‘class of civilizations’ refers to:

Question 18 options:

the theory that people’s cultural and religious identities are the source of religious conflict

exclusivist religious traditions only

a movie that justifies cosmic wars

colonialism

Save

Question 19 (1 point)

Pacifism refers to:

Question 19 options:

soothers for babies

the idea that there is no justifiable reason for violence

the theory that violence is inevitable

those practice religion along the Pacific ocean

Save

Question 20 (1 point)

The Wari:

Question 20 options:

are a sect of Christianity

used to eat their dead

are atheists

cremate their dead

 

 

Question 21 (1 point)

Violent acts are referred to as terrorism when:

Question 21 options:

it instills fear in civilians

government and society views it as illegitimate

it involves religions of resistance

all of the above

Save

Question 22 (1 point)

Apocalypticism is:

Question 22 options:

a new religious movement in the United States

the ritualized practice of violence

the belief in the end of the world, as marked by the battle between good and evil

another term for mystical experience

Save

Question 23 (1 point)

One can gain access to the mystical experience:

Question 23 options:

through music

by performing body mortifications

repetitive movements

all of the above

Save

Question 24 (1 point)

Darshan is:

Question 24 options:

a myth of creation

seen and being seen by a god or goddess

a ritual object

ritual clothing

Save

Question 25 (1 point)

The Hero’s Journey:

Question 25 options:

is a myth about superheroes

is the idea that everyone goes on a religious quest at least once in their lives

is a structure found in myths around the world

doesn’t exist

Save

Question 26 (1 point)

Women’s mystical experiences are:

Question 26 options:

the exact same as men’s

different from men’s

not real (women don’t have mystical experiences)

only found in eastern religions

Save

Question 27 (1 point)

Rational choice theory:

Question 27 options:

consists of many theories including supply side theory

argues that religions exist or disappear based on whether they can compete for members

highlights religious diversity rather than religious monopolies

all of the above

Save

Question 28 (1 point)

The Westboro Baptist Church is an example of:

Question 28 options:

an inclusivist religion

a pluralist religion

an exclusivist religion

a pacifist religion

Save

Question 29 (1 point)

Third wave globalization refers to:

Question 29 options:

the emergence of new technologies, such as the internet

the increasing reliance on food distribution around the world

the migration of people to different nations

the world stock markets

Save

Question 30 (1 point)

myths are:

Question 30 options:

false ideas about religion

symbols ordered in story form

irrelevant to Christianity

only found in Hinduism

Save

 

 

Question 31 (1 point)

The mystical experience can:

Question 31 options:

only be experienced by a follower of religion

last for years

be life-changing

make people do things they don’t want to

Save

Question 32 (1 point)

Maslow’s “peak experience” refers to:

Question 32 options:

mountain climbing to be closer to nature

a feeling of timelessness accompanied by feelings of joy, creativity, and inspiration

the time period when you are still young enough to enjoy life

sensory pleasure by way of taste, sounds, and sights

Save

Question 33 (1 point)

The neuroscience of religion studies:

Question 33 options:

whether God is real

the brain as it relates to religion

atheist movements

reactions to stem-cell research by religious practitioners

Save

Question 34 (1 point)

The multiple conditions theory:

Question 34 options:

takes into account a wide variety of theories to understand religious violence

combines theories with empirical data to predict religious violence

may also be used to predict religious violence

all of the above

Save

Question 35 (1 point)

Inclusivist religions:

Question 35 options:

accept all religions and religious peoples

are tolerant of other religions but do not stop violence

promote violence against people different from themselves

none of the above

Save

Question 36 (1 point)

Supply side theory refers to:

Question 36 options:

the idea that people practice more than one religion at the same time

the idea that the secularization thesis is true

an emphasis on more ritual and ritual items in religion

the idea that religion will change but will never go away

Save

Question 37 (1 point)

Spirit possession is:

Question 37 options:

always a bad thing

diverse across cultures: it is sometimes viewed as evil and sometimes viewed as good

always a good thing

doesn’t exist

Save

Question 38 (1 point)

A mandala is:

Question 38 options:

a ritual exorcism

a symbols of the cosmos

a creation myth

a mystical experience

Save

Question 39 (1 point)

Ideological nationalism:

Question 39 options:

is only imagined and never acted upon

always results in cosmic war

represents pluralist religions

makes the political religious

Save

Question 40 (1 point)

Jediism is:

Question 40 options:

a move sequel to Star Wars

a personal religion for some

a religion whose primary deity is Obi Wan Kenobi

not a religion

 

Question 41 (1 point)

The contextualist approach to the mystical experience argues that:

Question 41 options:

the experience is always learned within and from culture

the experience occurs spontaneously, without reason

all religious experiences are the same

religious experiences only happen in Christianity

Save

Question 42 (1 point)

Ethnic-religious rebellion usually involves:

Question 42 options:

the majority fighting for more power

the assertion of autonomy by a religious group as culturally and ethnically distinct from the majority

the view by the majority that the rebellion is legitimate

none of the above

Save

Question 43 (1 point)

The religion of the status quo in the United States is:

Question 43 options:

Islam

Paganism

Christianity

atheism

Save

Question 44 (1 point)

According to Aden, people cling to religious certainty when:

Question 44 options:

they experience a miracle

science fails them

they feel threatened by secularism

everyone else believes the same thing as they do

Save

Question 45 (1 point)

A religiously sanctioned war:

Question 45 options:

is usually a war that is considered legitimate by the majority

includes engagements of hostilities with rival religions

can appear secular, even if it is not

all of the above

Save

Question 46 (1 point)

The river Ganges:

Question 46 options:

is like any other river

is viewed as sacred in Hinduism, and has healing powers

represents evil

is to be avoided at all costs

Save

Question 47 (1 point)

Perennial Philosophy asserts that:

Question 47 options:

there’s a common core to religious experiences that transcend time, place, and culture

ideas about religious experiences change from year to year

no two religious experiences are alike

everyone experiences a religious experience at least once per year

Save

Question 48 (1 point)

Self-Chosen Identity refers to:

Question 48 options:

people who stick with the same religion that they grew up with

a type of identity devoid of religion

the idea that people will see out a religion that is perhaps different than the one they were raised in

the declaration of one’s beliefs on the internet

Save

Question 49 (1 point)

Scholars like Dawkins and Harris argue that religious moderates:

Question 49 options:

help to promote peace

practice the true religion

contribute to religious violence

don’t exist

Save

Question 50 (1 point)

Some scholars argue that ritual came before myth because:

Question 50 options:

without ritual, there can be no display of the sacred from which belief is created

rituals have more symbolic meaning than myth

myths are based on lies

myths no longer exist but rituals do

Save

 

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