Wk 8 assignment | Psychology homework help


Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Wk 8 assignment | Psychology homework help
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

Annotation of a Qualitative Research Article

Submit: Annotation of a Qualitative Research Article

This week, you will submit the annotation of a qualitative research article on a topic of your interest. This annotation is a precursor to the annotated bibliography assignment due in Week 10. 

An annotation consists of three separate paragraphs that cover three respective components: summary, analysis, and application. These three components convey the relevance and value of the source. As such, an annotation demonstrates your critical thinking about, and authority on, the source topic. This week’s annotation is a precursor to the annotated bibliography assignment due in Week 10.

An annotated bibliography is a document containing selected sources accompanied by a respective annotation of each source. In preparation for your own future research, an annotated bibliography provides a background for understanding a portion of the existing literature on a particular topic. It is also a useful first step in gathering sources in preparation for writing a subsequent literature review as part of a dissertation. 

Please review the assignment instructions below and click on the underlined works for information about how to craft each component of an annotation. 

It is recommended that you use the grading rubric as a self-evaluation tool before submitting your assignment.

By Day 7

· Annotate one qualitative research article from a peer-reviewed journal on a topic of your interest.

· Provide the reference list entry for this article in APA Style followed by a three-paragraph annotation that includes: 

o A summary

o An analysis

o An application as illustrated in this example

· Format your annotation in Times New Roman, 12-point font, double-spaced. A separate References list page is not needed for this assignment.



· Sample paper to assist with assignment

Thomée, S., Dellve, L., Härenstam, A., & Hagberg, M. (2010). Perceived connections between information and communication technology use and mental symptoms among young adults-a qualitative study. BMC Public Health, 10(1), 66.


The topic of the qualitative study by Thomée, Dellve, Härenstam & Hagberg (2010) is “Perceived connections between information and communication technology use and mental symptoms among young adults”. The authors of this study were aimed on discovering a possible link between the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) and unhealthy mental conditions, including major depressive disorder (MDD), stress, and sleep disorders. This study doesn’t have a theoretical basis, because it is focused on creating a theory of how ICT may cause unhealthy mental conditions (Thomée et al., 2010).  Some previous studies have identified that frequent use of the internet, email, messengers, and computers, is associated with unhealthy mental conditions, however causal mechanisms were not identified (Thomée et al., 2010). Hence, the authors of this study conducted a semi-structured interview with 32 young adults who reported high ICT. Participants were divided into 2 groups. The first group consisted of 28 high computer users, while the second group consisted of 20 high mobile phone users (Thomée et al., 2010). 

The semi-structured interviews were conducted by the main author of the research. The author used qualitative interviews, which means that participants were asked open questions about connection between ICT and unhealthy mental conditions. In addition, the participant’s mental condition was assessed by a physician (Thomée et al., 2010). The data acquired during the interviews was analyzed with a qualitative content analysis. These researchers created the model based on the analyzed data. The model presented possible paths for associations between ICT use and mental symptoms. It was found that the main cause of negative mental conditions is high quantitative use of computers and smartphones (Thomée et al., 2010). Participants who used computers for a long periods of time reported that they were stuck in different unproductive activities such as web surfing and playing games. As a result, they had a feeling of the wasted time. Some participants also claimed that high use of ICT leads to feeling of loneliness (Thomée et al., 2010). In addition, long use of computers may have impact on physiological health. 

In both groups, several people have reported perceived connection between high ICT use and different mental symptoms, including depression. Some of the participants had stress and sleep disturbances that are also associated with MDD. Six men and six women were diagnosed with a various psychiatric disorders. Four participants were diagnosed with a mild depression, while two participants were diagnosed with a moderate depression (Thomée et al., 2010). 

The authors claimed that physiological problems foster the depression. Participants with long periods spent using mobile devices reported similar problems. It can be explained by the fact that not responding to SMS or calls may cause a feeling of guilt (Thomée et al., 2010). The researchers also claimed that another possible factor causing depression is that people prefer to tell bad news via SMS than face to face. In addition, it was mentioned that certain technological factors like electromagnetic radiation may affect mental condition (Thomée et al., 2010). It is important to mention that some participants claimed that ICT is not a primary cause of depression and that depression should be associated with a working activities that are often done with a help of computers. The authors note that some studies have found a direct connection between high psychological demands at work and risks of MDD development (Thomée et al., 2010). 


The research question is well framed because it addresses a specific problem, and significant because it the problem it addresses is significant (Burkholder et al., 2016). Due to the rapid development of ICTs, it is important to conduct studies focused on discovering potentially negative impacts of computers and smartphones. The authors have provided a brief description of previous articles, hence relation of the research question to existing body of knowledge is quite strong (Thomée et al., 2010). According to some previous studies, 75% of 16-24-year-old Swedes used internet every day and more than 90% had computers. Another study described by the authors claim that ICTs provided both opportunities and risks, including negative impact on physiological and psychological condition (Thomée et al., 2010). Moreover, emailing and chatting were associated with depression and created symptoms that directly lead to MDD.  According to the APA (2013), stress, sleep disorders, loneliness, apathy, guilt, and depression are all criteria that can be used in diagnosing MDD in patients. These were all symptoms described by participants in this study (Thomée et al., 2010). Therefore, this article makes a significant contribution to an existing body of knowledge by providing detailed information about high ICT use and depression. 

The authors didn’t use any theory while conducting their research; instead these researchers derived their theory from the results of their research. This means that they used the inductive method (de Vaus, 2001). The research was aimed on interpreting answers to open-ended questions. All stages of the research were described in detail and in scientific language (Thomée et al., 2010). The research methods used in this qualitative study were therefore appropriate. The first method used was observation with a help of semi-structured interviews. The second method was interpretation that was made by coding of information acquired during the interviews and creating a model. Hence, the authors have used all methods appropriate to answer the research question (Thomée et al., 2010). 

It is also worth noting that the sample size used was not very big, but the amount of participants is enough for a qualitative study. It is possible that the study results were influenced by bias, because analysis and interviews were made by the main author (Thomée et al., 2010). Moreover, there are also some limitations presented in this study. Participants belonged to high achieving academic programs and their socio-economic status was not considered (Thomée et al., 2010). These specific issues pose some threats to generalization of the results. 

Finally, there were inclusion criteria used for participants. Only those who reported about high computer or mobile phone exposure and had at least two of the following symptoms: depression, stress, and sleep disturbances could become participants (Thomée et al., 2010). Here, there was a self-reporting, self-selecting sample of participants. Because almost all people in modern society use smartphones and computers, and only participants who claim to suffer from certain symptoms were considered, there would appear to be a link that might not be causal. Similarly, however, any variable could be used in the place of ICTs and might result in similar findings, regardless of the actual causation. Therefore, to insure more accurate results, it would be more effective to conduct research on people with high ICT use, and analyze how many of these people have symptoms of MDD, depression, stress, sleep disorders, or other unhealthy mental conditions.


This article addresses a meaningful gap in the other sources in this field, because it is focused on researching influence of modern technologies on mental condition. As discussed in the article, there are numerous problems directly and indirectly associated with smartphone and computer use (Thomée et al., 2010). Thus, the article fills a gap in the literature, because it is aimed on discovering connection between depression, sleep disorders, stress and ICT’s. The impact of ICT’s can be quite significant, because they can be used to avoid social interactions or even cause a psychological addiction. Modern technologies reduce the amount of real life communication, and this lack of communication may be related to high rates of MDD among young adult population (Thomée et al., 2010). Furthermore, communication over the internet is far different from real life communication, and the main difference is anonymity. People tend to act antisocially when they are protected by anonymity (Grigg, 2010). This can, of course lead to additional symptoms of depression, as antisocial behavior towards others, or anonymous cyberbullying, can affect the mental condition of the target.  

It can be claimed that this article informs future researches on depression by providing a valuable information about how ICT’s can contribute to the development of MDD and other related symptoms such as sleep disorders and stress. As mentioned above, MDD is often associated with sleep disorders and other unhealthy conditions, so it should be considered as a complex problem (APA, 2013). In addition, the qualitative methods used in this article can be applied to find out what factors participants perceive as the most contributing to development of their MDD. Hence, qualitative interviews can be potentially helpful for identifying the major causes of MDD. Methods used in this research can also be applied to codify the qualitative interviews and create a model describing relation between different factors and MDD.


American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Burkholder, G. J., Cox, K. A., & Crawford, L. M. (2016). The scholar-practitioner’s guide to research design. Baltimore, MD: Laureate Publishing.

de Vaus, D. A. (2001). Research design in social research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Grigg, D. W. (2010). Cyber-aggression: definition and concept of cyberbullying. Australian Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 20(02), 143-156.

Thomée, S., Dellve, L., Härenstam, A., & Hagberg, M. (2010). Perceived connections between information and communication technology use and mental symptoms among young adults-a qualitative study. BMC Public Health, 10(1), 66.

Order a unique copy of this paper
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our Guarantees

At 111papers.com, we value all our customers, and for that, always strive to ensure that we deliver the best top-quality content that we can. All the processes, from writing, formatting, editing, and submission is 100% original and detail-oriented. With us, you are, therefore, always guaranteed quality work by certified and experienced writing professionals. We take pride in the university homework help services that we provide our customers.

Money-Back Guarantee

As the best homework help service in the world, 111 Papers ensures that all customers are completely satisfied with the finished product before disbursing payment. You are not obligated to pay for the final product if you aren’t 100% satisfied with the paper. We also provide a money-back guarantee if you don’t feel that your paper was written to your satisfaction. This guarantee is totally transparent and follows all the terms and conditions set by the company.

Read more

Zero-Plagiarism Guarantee

All products that we deliver are guaranteed to be 100% original. We check for unoriginality on all orders delivered by our writers using the most advanced anti-plagiarism programs in the market. We, therefore, guarantee that all products that we submit to you are 100% original. We have a zero-tolerance policy for copied content. Thanks to our strict no plagiarized work rule, you can submit your homework to your professor without worrying.

Read more

Free-Revision Policy

TThis is one of the most cherished courtesy services that we provide to help ensure that our customers are completely satisfied with our finished products. Delivering the best final product to our customers takes multiple inputs. 111papers.com prides itself on delivering the best university homework help services in the writing industry. And, in part, our free revision policy is how we do it. What’s more, all our revisions are 100% free without any strings attached.

Read more

Privacy Policy

Client privacy is important to use. We know and understand just how important customers value their privacy and always want to safeguard their personal information. Thus, all the information that you share with us will always remain in safe custody. We will never disclose your personal information to any third party or sell your details to anyone. 111 Papers uses the most sophisticated, top-of-the-line security programs to ensure that our customers’ information is safe and secured.

Read more

Fair-Cooperation Guarantee

Placing your order with us means that you agree with the homework help service we provide. We, in turn, will endear to ensure that we do everything we can to deliver the most comprehensive finished product as per your requirements. We will also count on your cooperation to help us deliver on this mandate. Yes, we also need you to ensure that you have the highest-quality paper.

Read more

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages